2006 Crash Data

Table of Contents

Introduction i

Vermont Crash Highlights ii-iv

(G) indicates an accompanying graph or chart based on the table

(F) indicates a figure independent of a table

SECTION 1 Highlights and Trends 1

Narrative 2

Figure 1.1 Total crashes by crash category and number killed and injured 3 (F)

Table 1.1 Crashes reported by police and operators, by type, 1997 - 2006 4-5 (G)

Table 1.2 Crash rates per vehicle mile traveled by type, 1997 - 2006 6-7 (G)

Table 1.3 Injury and fatality rates per vehicle mile traveled, 1997 - 2006 8 (G)

Table 1.4 Various crash rates, 1997 - 2006 9-10 (G)

SECTION 2 Environmental Characteristics 11

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Narrative 12

Table 2.1 Crashes by county and type, number and rate per 1000 population 13 (G)

Table 2.2 Crashes by county and type, number and rate per vehicle miles traveled 14 (G)

Table 2.3 Crash type by rural vs urban location 15 (G)

Table 2.4 Road characteristics of rural vs urban crash location 16 (G)

Table 2.5 Highway class by crash type 17 (G)

Table 2.6 Posted speed by crash type 18 (G)

Table 2.7 Construction zone crash causes 19

Figure 2.1 Construction zone crashes, 2000 - 2006 19 (F)

Table 2.8 Construction zone crashes by time of day, 2000 - 2006 20

Table 2.9 Construction zone crashes by day of week, 2000 - 2006 20

Figure 2.2 Construction zone crashes by day of week and time of day, 2000 - 2006 20 (F)

Table 2.10 Holiday crashes by type and rate 21

Figure 2.3 Holiday crash rates, 2000 - 2006 22 (F)

Table 2.11 Crash type by month 23 (G)

Table 2.12 Day of week by crash type 24 (G)

Table 2.13 Time of day by day of week 25 (G)

Table 2.14 Time of day by crash type 26 (G)

Figure 2.4 Injury crashes by day 27 (F)

Table 2.15 Weather condition by crash type 28 (G)

Table 2.16 Road surface condition by crash type 29 (G)

Table 2.17 Surface condition by lighting condition 30

Table 2.18 Weather by lighting condition 30

Table 2.19 Crash type by lighting condition 30

Table 2.20 Road design by crash type 31

Figure 2.5 Road design by crash type 31 (F)

Table 2.21 Road condition by crash type 32

Table 2.22 Traffic control by crash type 32

SECTION 3 Vehicle Characteristics 33

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Narrative 34

Table 3.1 Crashes by vehicle type 35 (G)

Figure 3.1 Fatalities by vehicle type 36 (F)

Figure 3.2 Injuries by vehicle type 37 (F)

Table 3.2 Crash rates by vehicle and crash type 38 (G)

Table 3.3 Number of vehicles involved by type of crash 39 (G)

Figure 3.3 Operator contributing circumstances by crash type 40 (F)

Table 3.4 Major categories of contributing circumstances by crash type 41

Table 3.5 Contributing circumstances of operator by crash type 41

Table 3.6 Crash causes due to vehicle by crash type 42

Table 3.7 Contributing road circumstances by crash type 42

Table 3.8 Vehicle 1 collided with object by crash type 42

Figure 3.4 Selected operator contributing circumstances for one and two

vehicle crashes 43

Table 3.9 Operator contributing circumstances by highway class 44-45 (G)

Table 3.10 Operator contributing circumstances by vehicle type 46

Table 3.11 Manner of crash by vehicle type, multiple vehicles 47

Table 3.12 Vehicle 1 collided with object by vehicle type 47

Figure 3.5 Frequent manner of crashes, passenger vehicles 48 (F)

Table 3.13 Vehicle 1 collided with object by number of vehicles 49

Table 3.14 Manner of crash by number of vehicles, multiple vehicles 49

Table 3.15 Drivers and passengers injured or killed, by vehicle type and injury 50 (G)

Table 3.16 Crash involved vehicles by model year and vehicle type 51 (G)

Table 3.17 Commercial vehicle by crash type 52 (G)

Table 3.18 Highway class by commercial vehicle crashes 53 (G)

Table 3.19 Commercial vehicle operator contributing circumstances 54

Table 3.20 Citations for commercial vehicles in crashes 55 (G)

Table 3.21 Commercial vehicle crashes, time of day by day of week 56-57 (G)

SECTION 4 Person Characteristics 59

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Narrative 60

Table 4.1 Age and sex of licensed and crash involved operators 61-63 (G)

Table 4.2 Crash rates by operator age 64 (G)

Figure 4.1 Representation of age groups in crashes 65 (F)

Table 4.3 Age and sex characteristics of passengers by injury type 66-67 (G)

Table 4.4 Age and sex characteristics of operators by injury type 68-69 (G)

Table 4.5 Age of operators and passengers in crashes for motorcycle/mopeds 70

Table 4.6 Sex of operators and passengers in crashes for motorcycle/mopeds 70

Table 4.7 Age of operators and passengers in crashes for pickup trucks 71

Table 4.8 Sex of operators and passengers in crashes for pickup trucks 71

Table 4.9 Operator age for crashes by time of day 72 (G)

Table 4.10 Operator age for crashes by day of week 73 (G)

Table 4.11 License state of crash involved operators by type of crash 74 (G)

Table 4.12 Injury severity by person type 75 (G)

Table 4.13 Injury severity by seat position and safety restraint use, passenger cars 76-79 (G)

Table 4.14 Passenger car crash occupants by age group and restraint use 80-81 (G)

Table 4.15 Pickup truck crash occupants by age group and active restraint use, 2006 82

Figure 4.2 Vermont observed belt use, 1985 - 2007 83 (F)

Figure 4.3 Airbags deployed in crashes, 1999 - 2003 84 (F)

Figure 4.4 Motorcycle helmet use and pickup truck restraint use 84 (F)

Table 4.16 Injury by restraint for crashes where airbags deployed, 1999 - 2003 85 (G)

Table 4.17 Restraint use by operators and passengers for pickup trucks 86

Table 4.18 Helmet use by operators and passengers for motorcycle/moped 86

Table 4.19 5-year trends for pickup truck restraint use and motorcycle helmet use 86

Table 4.20 Vehicle operator restraint use by type of vehicle 87

Table 4.21 Occupant ejection by injury severity 87

Figure 4.5 Child restraint use in crashes by year, 2000 - 2006 88 (F)

Table 4.22 Child crash injuries and restraint use by age, 2000 - 2006 89 (G)

Table 4.23 Injury and fatality rates by county 90 (G)

Table 4.24 Persons killed by age group and sex 91 (G)

Table 4.25 Operators killed by age group and sex 92 (G)

Table 4.26 Citations for crash involved drivers by vehicle type 93 (G)

Table 4.27 Citations for pickup trucks in crashes 94

Table 4.28 Citations for motorcycle/mopeds in crashes 94

Table 4.29 DUI charges, convictions and crashes 95 (G)

Table 4.30 Age of DUI, alcohol involved and all crash operators 96 (G)

Table 4.31 Operator blood alcohol concentration by age group 97 (G)

Table 4.32 Sex of DUI, alcohol involved and all crash operators 98 (G)

Table 4.33 Time of day for DUI crashes 99

Table 4.34 Day of week of DUI crashes 99

Figure 4.6 DUI crashes by hour and day 100 (F)

Table 4.35 Month of DUI crashes, 2000 - 2006 101 (G)

Table 4.36 Alcohol involved crashes and DUI charge rates by county 102 (G)

Table 4.37 Frequency of DUI charges by county and month of offense 103

Table 4.38 DUI cited crashes by county and type 104 (G)

Figure 4.7 Alcohol involved crashes by type of crash 105 (F)

Table 4.39 Pedestrians and bicyclists involved in vehicle crashes by operator

contributing circumstances 106

Table 4.40 Pedestrian and bicyclist contributing action in vehicle crashes 106

Table 4.41 Pedestrians and bicyclists involved in vehicle crashes by injury 107 (G)

Table 4.42 Operator contributing circumstances of pedestrian/bicycle crashes

by weather 108

Table 4.43 Pedestrian and bicyclist contributing action by weather 108

Table 4.44 Time of day for pedestrian and bicycle crashes 109 (G)

Table 4.45 Day of week for pedestrian and bicycle crashes 110 (G)

Table 4.46 Month of pedestrian and bicycle crashes 110 (G)

Table 4.47 Pedestrians and bicyclists involved in crashes by age and gender 111-112 (G)

Table 4.48 Pedestrian and bicycle crashes by crash type 113 (G)

Table 4.49 Pedestrian and bicycle crashes by lighting condition 114 (G)

Table 4.50 Pedestrian and bicycle crashes by alcohol involvement of driver 115 (G)

Table 4.51 Pedestrian and bicycle crashes by weather 116 (G)

SECTION 5 Citations 117

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Narrative 118

Table 5.1 Vermont traffic citations filed, 1983 - 2006 119 (G)

Table 5.2 Criminal motor vehicle charges and convictions, 2000 - 2006 120-121 (G)

Table 5.3 Most frequent citations charged, single and multiple vehicle crashes 122

Table 5.4 Criminal DUI offenses by age group 123 (G)

Table 5.5 Criminal DUI and refusal charges by county, 2000 - 2006 124 (G)

Table 5.6 Criminal DUI and refusal charges by sex, 2000 - 2006 125 (G)

Figure 5.1 Case flow for DUI first offense 126 (F)

Figure 5.2 Case flow for DUI second or greater offense 127 (F)

Table 5.7 Criminal DUI and refusal charges by age group, 2000- 2006 128 (G)

Table 5.8 Traffic citations by type 129 (G)

Table 5.9 Traffic citations by county, and rate per VMT 130-131 (G)

Table 5.10 Speeding citations: mph over posted speed limit by highway type 132 (G)

Table 5.11 Speeding citations by posted speed limit 133 (G)

Table 5.12 Speed citation rates per licensed drivers by age group 134 (G)

Table 5.13 Number of citations by month issued 135 (G)

Table 5.14 Traffic citations by time of day 136 (G)

Table 5.15 Police agencies issuing citations 137 (G)

Table 5.16 Traffic citations by license state of operator 138 (G)

Table 5.17 Frequency of citations issued to Vermont-licensed drivers 139 (G)

Table 5.18 Age and sex of persons cited 140 (G)

Table 5.19 Age group by traffic citation type 141 (G)

Table 5.20 Traffic citations by sex and commercial status 142 (G)

Table 5.21 Selected highway safety citations by age group 143

Table 5.22 Selected highway safety citations by sex 144 (G)

Table 5.23 Citations for failure to use child restraint, by county 1994 - 2006 145 (G)

Table 5.24 Citations for failure to use child restraint by age and sex, 1994 - 2006 146 (G)

Table 5.25 Citations for failure to use child restraint by police agency, 1994 - 2006 147 (G)

Table 5.26 Citations for failure to use seat belt by county, 1999 - 2006 148 (G)

Table 5.27 Citations for failure to use seat belt by police agency, 1999 - 2006 149 (G)

Table 5.28 Citations for failure to use seat belt by license state of operator,

1999 - 2006 150 (G)

Table 5.29 Citations for failure to use seat belt by age group and sex, 1998 - 2006 151 (G)

Table 5.30 Citations for failure to use seat belt by primary citation category,

1999 - 2006 152 (G)

Table 5.31 Citations for failure to use seat belt by highway type, 1999- 2006 153 (G)

Table 5.32 Citations for failure to use seat belt for primary citation failure to use child

restraint, by age group and sex, 1998 - 2006 154 (G)

Table 5.33 Traffic complaint disposition by Vermont Traffic Bureau, FY05 155 (G)

Table 5.34 Amount of fine at judgment and total amount paid by license state 156

Figure 5.3 Total amount of fines paid, by state of license 157 (F)

Index 167-171